This Primer concerns presidential leadership and proactive legislative and agenda-setting powers in democracies where the president is popularly elected and has substantial governing powers, either as a chief executive in a presidential system (as in Brazil, Colombia, Kenya and the United States) or as a head of state in a semi-presidential system (as in France).
International IDEA’s Constitution-Building Primers are designed to assist in-country constitution-building or constitutional-reform processes by helping citizens, political parties, civil society organisations, public officials, and members of constituent assemblies make wise constitutional choices.
They also provide guidance for staff of intergovernmental organizations and other external actors working to provide well-informed, context-relevant support to local decision-makers.
Content and scope
What is the issue?
Proactive presidential legislative powers
Other aspects of presidential–legislative relations
References and further reading