A non-executive president is a symbolic leader of a state who performs a representative and civic role but does not exercise executive or policymaking power.
A non-executive president may, nevertheless, possess and exercise some discretionary powers of extraordinary political intervention as a constitutional arbiter or guarantor.
International IDEA’s Constitution-Building Primers are designed to assist in-country constitution-building or constitutional-reform processes by helping citizens, political parties, civil society organisations, public officials, and members of constituent assemblies make wise constitutional choices.
What is the Issue?
Functions and Powers of Non-executive Presidents
Design Considerations: Election and Tenure
Term of Office, Re-election and Removal
Alternatives to a Non-executive Presidency
Examples of Systems with Non-executive Heads of State
References, Resources and Further Reading